1. Which of the following is an example of how the principle of beneficence can be applied to a study employing human subjects?

Which of the following is an example of how the principle of beneficence can be applied to a study employing human subjects?

Question Which of the following is an example of how the principle of beneficence can be applied to a study employing human subjects?
Your Answer Determining that the study has a maximization of benefits and a minimization of risks.
Result Correct
Comment The principle of beneficence includes the obligation of researchers to strive to do no harm and to maximize benefits and minimize harms. “Persons are treated in an ethical manner not only by respecting their decisions and protecting them from harm, but also by making efforts to secure their well-being” (The National Commission 1979). The principle of beneficence can be applied to a study employing human subjects by determining that the study has a maximization of benefits and a minimization of risks. Providing detailed information during consent and ensuring persons with diminished autonomy are protected would be examples of applying the principle of respect for persons. Ensuring the selection of subjects is equitable is an example of applying the principle of justice.

Question 2

Question The Belmont Report’s principle of respect for persons incorporates at least two ethical convictions: first, that individuals should be treated as autonomous agents, and second, that:
Your Answer Persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection.
Result Correct
Comment The Belmont Report’s principle of respect for persons incorporates at least two ethical convictions: first, that individuals should be treated as autonomous agents, and second, that persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection. Persons with diminished autonomy should not be excluded from participating in research, because then they would be excluded from receiving the benefits of research. The Belmont Report does not limit persons with diminished autonomy with participating in greater than minimal risk research. The Belmont Report also does not limit persons involved in research from benefitting financially.

Question 3

Question Which of the following are the three principles discussed in the Belmont Report?
Your Answer Respect for Persons, Beneficence, Justice
Result Correct
Comment The three principles discussed in the Belmont Report are Respect for Persons, Beneficence, Justice.